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Yerba mate tea scientific evidence

Unusual qualities of yerba mate have been known for ages. It is said that the first who recognized these benefits were people from the Native American Guarani tribe. Yerba mate was such an important element of their culture that Guarani created a lot of legends about it. All of them describe divine provenance of yerba mate. According to them yerba was given to Guarani by gods as a reward for their good deeds. It was supposed to provide them extraordinary energy and strenght. That is why yerba mate was often called by them "Drink of the Gods".

Nowadays yerba mate has been undergoing thorough scientific investigations in order to understand the nature of its beneficial influence. In the following section we would like to introduce you to the scientific knowledge about yerba mate. All of the data here is based on scientific research performed in laboratories all over the world, for each of the results we are giving a citation with source.


WEIGHT CONTROL

Feel light, look good

Yerba mate has been proven to help reducing weight1. It contains compounds, which cause shifting metabolism from using glucose to using fatty acids. Studies showed, that yerba mate causes the body to increase burning calories from fatty acids and reduce burning calories from glucose2, which results in attenuating weight gain. 
Yerba mate has also been proved to reduce the feeling of hunger3. This means that if you are just trying to keep a diet, yerba mate will make it easier for you. The joint effects of lower calories intake (less hunger) and increased metabolism of fatty acids have impact on reducing weight. As a result yerba mate is more and more often recommended as a dietary supplement supporting weight loss. 


FOCUS

Don't stress, concentrate

Yerba mate is a natural nootropic. This means that it improves your cognitive functions in a natural way. 
It provides a unique mix of three stimulants: theobromine and theophylline (also found in chocolate) and caffeine. The proportions of these stimulants are especially beneficial to people, who need to stay sharp and focused for a long time. Yerba mate gives arousal without tension. Its effect is a pleasant, joyous energy boost.
There are more and more clinical studies showing positive influence of yerba on mental functioning. Yerba mate is proven to cause a general feeling of inner energy, which enables a person to increase performance, both mental and physical. It reduces mental fatigue, makes you feel fresher and allows to work, learn or whatever you are doing for longer with better results4
Yerba has also been proven to specifically benefit the ability to focus. Concentration of a person after having drunk yerba mate is longer and attention sharper5.

 

FOR YOUR HEALTH

Increase your immunity and feel good

Yerba mate has been proven to help to clear vains6 and reduce cholesterole level7. There is evidence that yerba mate can reduce LDL cholesterol already within 20 days after starting supplementation. Hence it can be a factor in profilactic against heart and cardiovascular system deseases. It helps to keep your vains in good shape, which is vital for correct blood pressure. 

Analysis also showed that yerba mate is rich in antioxidants, which slow down the process of aging8. Polyphenoles (antioxidants found in yerba mate) protect cells from damages from free radicals, hence prevent harmful mutations of cells. This way antioxidants influence how fast you age.

Finally, polyphenoles in yerba mate also participate in strenghtening the immmune system against deseases. Polyphenols have been found to benefit the immune system, as well as relieve so common nowadays alergies9.


NUTRITION

Natural vitality

Yerba mate is a natural source of dietary elements necessary for keeping you in a good shape. For example one portion of mate (200 mg of extract) contains 18% of daily recommended value of thiamine (vitamine B1) and 8% of B6. It also containes a range of other vitamines: A, B2, B3, C, E10Apart from that yerba mate also provides magnesium, iron, phosphorus, calcium and potassium11.

Water extract of 100 g of Yerba Mate Pajarito obtained with 1 liter of water at 70° C with gourd and sieve contains:

COMPONENT

CONTENT

% of RECOMMENDED DAILY VALUE

Calories

26,36 Kcal

2

Protein

2,32 g

4,6

Carbohydrates

3,67 g

1,2

Lipids

0 g

0

Thiamine (B1)

1,26 mg

90,0

Pyridoxine (B6)

0,83 mg

41,5

Magnesium

57,12 mg

19,0

Iron

2,19 mg

15,6

Niacinamide (B3)

1,72 mg

10

Phosphorus

52,81 mg

7,5

Calcium

58,66 mg

7,3

Vitamin C

4,96 mg

6,2

Potassium 

60,81 mg

3

Sodium

10,26 mg

-

Caffeine

0,79 g

-

Lab tests performed at the College of Natural, Chemical and Exact Sciences of the National University of Misiones.

 

Literature

1. Bracesco, N.; Sanchez, A.G.; Contreras, V.; Menini, T.; Gugliucci, A. (2011). "Recent advances on Ilex paraguariensis research: Minireview". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 136 (3): 378–84. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2010.06.032. PMID 20599603. /// https://www.thieme-connect.com/products/ejournals/html/10.1055/s-0030-1270924 "Thermogenic effects of commercially available plant preparations aimed at treating human obesity"

 

2. Martinet, A.; Hostettmann, K.; Schutz, Y. (1999). Thermogenic effects of commercially available plant preparations aimed at treating human obesity. Phytomedicine.

 

3. Wichtl, Max, ed. (2004). "Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals". Medpharm. ISBN 0849319617.

 

4. Sanz, Tenorio; Isasa, Torija (1991). "Mineral elements in mate herb (Ilex paraguariensis St. H.)". Arch Latinoam Nutr. (Arch Latinoam Nutr.) 41 (3): 441–454. PMID 1824521.

 

5. Sanz, Tenorio; Isasa, Torija (1991). "Mineral elements in mate herb (Ilex paraguariensis St. H.)". Arch Latinoam Nutr. (Arch Latinoam Nutr.) 41 (3): 441–454. PMID 1824521.

 

6. Görgen, Milena; Turatti, Kátia; Medeiros, Afonso R.; Buffon, Andréia; Bonan, Carla D.; Sarkis, João J.F.; Pereira, Grace S. (2005). "Aqueous extract of Ilex paraguariensis decreases nucleotide hydrolysis in rat blood serum". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 97 (1): 73–7. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2004.10.015. PMID 15652278.

 

7. Boaventura, B.C.; Di Pietro, P.F.; Stefanuto, A.; Klein, G.A.; de Morais, E;C.; de Andrade, F.; Wazlawik, E.; da Silva, E.L. (2012). "Association of mate tea (Ilex paraguariensis) intake and dietary intervention and effects on oxidative stress biomarkers of dyslipidemic subjects". Nutrition. 2012 Jun; 28(6):657-64. /// de Morais EC1, Stefanuto A, Klein GA, Boaventura BC, de Andrade F, Wazlawik E, Di Pietro PF, Maraschin M, da Silva EL. (2009). "Consumption of yerba mate ( Ilex paraguariensis ) improves serum lipid parameters in healthy dyslipidemic subjects and provides an additional LDL-cholesterol reduction in individuals on statin therapy". J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Sep 23;57(18):8316-24. /// Klein GA, Stefanuto A, Boaventura BC, de Morais EC, Cavalcante Lda S, de Andrade F, Wazlawik E, Di Pietro PF, Maraschin M, da Silva EL. (2011). "Mate tea (Ilex paraguariensis) improves glycemic and lipid profiles of type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes individuals: a pilot study". J Am Coll Nutr. 2011 Oct;30(5):320-32.

 

8. Filip, Rosana; Lotito, Silvina B.; Ferraro, Graciela; Fraga, Cesar G. (2000). "Antioxidant activity of Ilex paraguariensis and related species". Nutrition Research 20 (10): 1437–46. /// Xu, Guang-Hua; Kim, Young-Hee; Choo, Soo-Jin; Ryoo, In-Ja; Yoo, Jae-Kuk; Ahn, Jong-Seog; Yoo, Ick-Dong (2009). "Chemical constituents from the leaves of Ilex paraguariensis inhibit human neutrophil elastase". Archives of Pharmacal Research 32 (9): 1215–20. /// Martinet A, Hostettmann K, Schutz Y. (1999). "Thermogenic effects of commercially available plant preparations aimed at treating human obesity". Phytomedicine. 1999 Oct;6(4):231-8. /// Boaventura, B.C.; Di Pietro, P.F.; Stefanuto, A.; Klein, G.A.; de Morais, E;C.; de Andrade, F.; Wazlawik, E.; da Silva, E.L. (2012). "Association of mate tea (Ilex paraguariensis) intake and dietary intervention and effects on oxidative stress biomarkers of dyslipidemic subjects". Nutrition. 2012 Jun; 28(6):657-64. /// Matsumoto RL, Bastos DH, Mendonça S, Nunes VS, Bartchewsky W, Ribeiro ML, de Oliveira Carvalho P. (2009). "Effects of mate tea (Ilex paraguariensis) ingestion on mRNA expression of antioxidant enzymes, lipid peroxidation, and total antioxidant status in healthy young women". J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Mar 11;57(5):1775-80.

 

9. Bremner, Paul; Heinrich, Michael (2010). "Natural products as targeted modulators of the nuclear factor-KB pathway". Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology (Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology) 54 (4): 453–472. 

 

10. Lab tests performed at the College of Natural, Chemical and Exact Sciences of the National University of Misiones and Instituto Pasteur and the Sociedad Científica de París.

 

11. http://www.drugs.com/npp/mat-eacute.html#ref2 /// Heck CI, de Mejia EG. (2007). "Yerba Mate Tea (Ilex paraguariensis): a comprehensive review on chemistry, health implications, and technological considerations". J Food Sci . 2007;72(9):R138-R151. /// Alikaridis F. (1987). "Natural constituents of Ilex species". J Ethnopharmacol . 1987;20(2):121-144. /// Vázquez A, Moyna P. (1986). "Studies on mate drinking". J Ethnopharmacol . 1986;18(3):267-272. /// Tenorio Sanz MD, Torija Isasa ME. (1991). "Mineral elements in mate herb ( Ilex paraguariensis St. H. )" [in Spanish]. Arch Latinoam Nutr . 1991;41(3):441-454. /// Strassmann BB, Vieira AR, Pedrotti EL, Morais HN, Dias PF, Maraschin M. (2008). "Quantitation of methylxanthinic alkaloids and phenolic compounds in mate ( Ilex paraguariensis ) and their effects on blood vessel formation in chick embryos". J Agric Food Chem . 2008;56(18):8348-8353. /// Xu GH, Kim YH, Choo SJ, et al. (2009). "Chemical constituents from the leaves of Ilex paraguariensis inhibit human neutrophil elastase". Arch Pharm Res . 2009;32(9):1215-1220. /// Sugimoto S, Nakamura S, Yamamoto S, et al.(2009). "Brazilian natural medicines. III. structures of triterpene oligoglycosides and lipase inhibitors from mate, leaves of ilex paraguariensis". Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) . 2009;57(3):257-261. /// Gnoatto SC, Dassonville-Klimpt A, Da Nascimento S, et al. (2008). "Evaluation of ursolic acid isolated from Ilex paraguariensis and derivatives on aromatase inhibition". Eur J Med Chem . 2008;43(9):1865-1877. /// Vieira MA, Rovaris AA, Maraschin M, et al. (2008). "Chemical characterization of candy made of Erva-Mate ( Ilex paraguariensis A. St. Hil.) residue". J Agric Food Chem . 2008;56(12):4637-4642.

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